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Abbreviations for Writings by Melville and Principal Secondary Sources

Unless otherwise indicated, all quotations from the writings of Herman Melville will be from the Northwestern-Newberry edition (Evanston and Chicago: Northwestern University Press and the Newberry Library, 1967-2018), ed. Harrison Hayford, Hershel Parker, G. Thomas Tanselle, and others. In every such citation, the abbreviation below will be preceded by NN and followed by the page number, as in this example for “Call me Ishmael” (NN MD 3).

BBO = Billy Budd, Sailor and Other Uncompleted Writings. NN, v. 13, 2017. Historical note by Hershel Parker.

C = Clarel: A Poem and Pilgrimage in the Holy Land. NN, v. 12, 1991. Historical note by Walter E. Bezanson.

CM = The Confidence Man: His Masquerade. NN, v. 10, 1984. Historical note by Watson Branch and others.

CO = Correspondence. NN, v. 14, 1993. Historical note by Lynn Horth.

IP = Israel Potter. NN, v. 8, 1982. Historical note by Walter E. Bezanson.

J = Journals. NN, v. 15, 1989. Historical note by Howard C. Horsford.

M = Mardi; and a Voyage Thither. NN, v. 3, 1970. Historical note by Elizabeth S. Foster. 

MD = Moby-Dick; or, The Whale. NN, v. 6, 1988. Historical note by Harrison Hayford, Hershel Parker, and G. Thomas Tanselle.

O = Omoo: A Narrative of Adventures in the South Seas. NN, v. 2, 1968. Historical note by George Roper.

P = Pierre; or, the Ambiguities. NN, v. 7, 1971. Historical note by Leon Howard and Hershel Parker. 

PP = Published Poems: Battle Pieces, John Marr, Timoleon. NN, v. 11, 2009. Historical note by Hershel Parker.

PTO = The Piazza Tales and Other Prose Pieces, 1839-1860. NN, v. 9, 1987. Historical note by Merton M. Sealts, Jr.

R = Redburn; His First Voyage. NN, v. 4, 1969. Historical note by Hershel Parker.

T = Typee: A Peep at Polynesian Life. NN, v. 1, 1968. Historical note by Leon Howard.

WJ = White-Jacket; or, The World in a Man-of-War. NN, v. 5, 1970. Historical Note by Willard Thorp.

Three Principal Secondary Sources

Cowen = Wilson Walker Cowen. Melville’s Marginalia. Ph.D. thesis. Harvard University, 1965, 12 v.; New York: Garland, 1987, 12 v. in 2.

Sealts = Merton M. Sealts, Jr. Melville’s Reading: Revised and Enlarged Edition. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1988. Supplements in Melville Society Extracts 80 (February 1990): 5-10; and Leviathan 2 (March 2000): 104-11. 

MMO = Steven Olsen-Smith, Peter Norberg, Dennis Marnon, editors. Melville’s Marginalia Online. 2020- .

Abbreviations for Writings by Melville and Principal Secondary Sources